When we think of penguins, we immediately think of them waddling around on the ice sheets of Antarctica. But in reality, they live throughout the Southern Hemisphere – and one, the Galapagos Penguin – is even found north of the equator.
There are 17 species of penguins. They live in Africa, the South Atlantic islands, Australia, New Zealand and South America. They get their name from the Welsh, who first saw these birds on the Atlantic coast of South America. They called them pen (head) and gwyn (white).