George is the one who gets on all the Galápagos calendars, t-shirts, post cards and coffee mugs.
The Española Tortoises
What some people do not realize is how close a call it was for some of the other species!
The Española tortoises were in critical danger in the 1960’s, when all living Española tortoises, 2 males and 12 females, were brought to the Charles Darwin Research Station for protection.
Diego in San Diego
Meanwhile, the search was on for other Española tortoises worldwide.
It was known that a group of 13 Española tortoises had gone to the San Diego zoo in the 1930’s, and it turned out that one was still alive: Diego.
Diego was sent back to the Galapagos in 1977, where he rejoined his fellow Española tortoises at the Charles Darwin Research Station. Diego had been well cared for at the San Diego zoo, which had actually managed to hatch Galapagos tortoise eggs in 1959.
Since returning to Galapagos Diego has dedicated himself to the survival of his species. It is estimated that he has about 1,700 children!
Diego and the other Española tortoises have been allowed to breed away from predators and hunters. Many of the young tortoises have been returned to Española, where the tortoise population is thriving once again.
In 1994, descendants of tortoises sent over from Charles Darwin Research Station were discovered on Española Island. Very encouraging news!
As a reward for his services, Diego will be returned to Española Island sometime within the next year.
After nearly a century away, Diego is going home!